Name Red Elm
Location Eastern North America
Texture/Grain Coarse/Open
Specific Gravity 0.50
Hardness Soft
Strength Medium
T/R Stability 9.5/4.2%





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What is required to view videos on Workshop Companion!

Our videos are streamed in Flash (.flv) format. To view them, you will need:

Operating System:
Microsoft Windows 98 Second Edition, NT, 2000, ME, XP or Vista.
If you have an Apple, you need OS 9, 9.1, 9.2 or OS X.

Media Player:
Adobe Flash Player 9 or later (for on-demand, archived, or recorded video streams).
Click here to upgrade to the latest version of Adobe Flash Player.

Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 or later (preferred).
Click here to upgrade to the latest version of Microsoft Internet Explorer.
Or Mozilla-Firefox 2 or later.
Click here to upgrade to the latest version of Firefox.

Or Apple Safari 3.1 or later.
Click here to upgrade to the latest version of Safari.

Can I use my Apple Macintosh to watch videos on this web site? Our webcasts are currently optimized for PC users with Internet Explorer. However, Mac users on Safari should have no trouble, provided you have a recent Adobe Flash plug-in. If the Adobe doesn't work for you, try SWF & FLV Player. Some folks have reported good results with it.
Why are the videos choppy or freezing? The quality of the video clip you are watching mainly depends on two factors: (1) the speed of your Internet connection and (2) the bit rate (speed) of the video clip. The faster the bit rate of the video clip, the better the quality. However, the speed of your Internet connection will limit which video clip bit rate that you can watch. For example, if you only have a 56kbs dial up connection to the Internet, the highest video clip bit rate that you will be able to watch will be 56kbs or less (most likely less as the majority of dial-up connections only get speeds of 28kbs or less due to phone line issues). If you try to watch a video clip with a bit rate of 1000kbs over a dial up connection, the video will not play -- you need at least 1000kbs. For the best viewing experience, we recommend a high speed Internet connection such as DSL or Cable Modem.

It is important to note that even if you have a high-speed (DSL/ Cable Modem/ T1), Internet traffic congestion affects your connection speed and/or video performance. You will get slower or faster speeds at different times depending on peak or off-peak use hours. You may also get slower speeds during the morning and afternoon, but faster speeds late at night when fewer people are online. Also, streaming quality decreases when multiple people share the same Internet connection (e.g. at work or on a home network).
Why can I hear the audio but not see the video? This sometimes occurs when the speed of your Internet connection is lower than the bit rate of the video clip you are watching. It can be caused by either (a) trying to view a video clip whose bit rate is to high for your Internet connection or (b) Internet traffic congestion that reduces the speed of your connection below what it should be. For example, you have a high speed DSL or cable modem connection to the Internet, but due to Internet congestion or shared usage, the effective speed of your Internet connection is actually closer to a dial up connection.
Why can I see the video but not hear the audio? Like the problem described immediately above, this sometimes occurs when the speed of your Internet connection is lower than the bit rate of the video clip you are watching. However, it is more likely because (a) your speaker volume is turned too low, or (b) the "Wave" volume in your master Volume Control panel is set too low. Some programs (such as Real Media) control this panel and may reset the Wave volume without you're knowing. Check your speakers first, then bring up Volume Control by clicking the speaker icon on your toolbar and check the Wave volume.
Even though I have all the system requirements, why can't I see or hear any videos?

1. Try reducing your browser's security setting. In particular, make sure that your browser allows you to play "active content." If you use Internet Explorer, go to Tools>Internet Options>Advanced and look in the Security section. Place checkmarks in the boxes that refer to active content.
. On some operating systems if you launch Workshop Companion videos while other audio applications -- including but not limited to mp3 players -- are running, you may have trouble hearing Workshop Companion sound. If this is the case, close your browser and all audio applications. Restart your browser and enter the Workshop Companion.
3. Our on-demand videos are hosted on Video.Google. If you have locked your computer to prevent children or grandchildren from watching Google videos, you won't be able to see them.
. If you are using Firefox with Adblock Plus, Adblock may not allow the video to play. Click on the down arrow next to the red stop sign marked ABP in the upper right side of the screen. Then select the option to disable ABP for our site.

To Find Out What Version of Adobe Flash Player You Currently Have: 1. Search your operating system folder (/Windows) for "Flash" files. The Adobe Flash Player is labeled "FlashUtil__." The numbers and letters in the blank spaces will tell you the version of your player.
2. If you need to upgrade, click here for the latest version of Adobe Flash Player.
What does bandwidth mean and how much do I need to view Workshop Companion videos? Bandwidth is a term used to describe connection speed to the Internet. The numbers describe the maximum Internet connection speed you have. The minimum speed required to view streaming videos in our 400x300-pixel format is about 1000K, and a higher number generally provides better overall quality of streaming. To find your connection speed, you can perform a free test at
Can I download Workshop Companion videos to my computer?
You may view our free videos as often as you like while you are visiting our web site, but we ask that you not copy, download, or "rip" them. We have posted this notice on those pages that act as gateways to our videos:

Notice of Copyright: The videos included and embedded in this web site are the copyrighted property of Bookworks, Inc. and may not be copied, downloaded, traded, sold, or shared without written permission of the copyright owner. This includes copying and downloading for personal use.

There is a misconception that the “Fair Use” doctrine incorporated into the new copyright laws allows copying for personal use. This is not true. Section 107 of the United States Copyright Code defines “fair use” and offers theses examples: “…quotation of excerpts in a review or criticism for purposes of illustration or comment; quotation of short passages in a scholarly or technical work, for illustration or clarification of the author's observations; use in a parody of some of the content of the work parodied; summary of an address or article, with brief quotations, in a news report; reproduction by a library of a portion of a work to replace part of a damaged copy; reproduction by a teacher or student of a small part of a work to illustrate a lesson; reproduction of a work in legislative or judicial proceedings or reports; incidental and fortuitous reproduction, in a newsreel or broadcast, of a work located in the scene of an event being reported.” Nor is copying permitted if you acknowledge the source of the copied video. Again, Section 107 says, “Acknowledging the source of the copyrighted material does not substitute for obtaining permission.”

Why is Workshop Companion video viewer cutoff at the bottom of my monitor? The bottom of Workshop Companion video viewer may appear cutoff if your computer's screen resolution is set to 800x600 pixels or less. To adjust your screen size complete the following steps:

1. Click the Start button at the bottom left of your desktop.
2. Click on Settings and Control Panel.
3. Click on the Display icon.
4. Click on the Settings tab.
5. Put the mouse on top of the arrow on "Screen Area" and move it towards "More". Choose 1024x768 pixels.
6. Click OK.
7. Click OK again on the confirmation message. The screen will turn completely black for a few seconds.
8. Click YES on another confirmation message within 15 seconds, otherwise the change will not take effect.
9. Open a browser and return to a Workshop Companion! site.
NOTE: You can change these settings at any time.

How do I switch between small screen and full screen video when I'm viewing a video from the Workshop Companion Virtual Classroom? 1. Click on "Google Video" in the lower right corner of the small screen.
2. Choose "Go To Google."
3. Click on the little square icon with four arrows pointing outward, in the lower right of the screen. A full-size window will pop up.
4. To return to the small screen, close the full-size window.
5. Click on your browser's "Back" button.

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 "Abundant to all the needs of man, how poor the world would be without wood."
Eric Sloane in Reverence for Wood


Introduction to Woodworking Demonstrations and Videos
 for the Workshop Companion,
essential information about wood, woodwork, and woodworking
necessary to woodworkers and practitioners of the wood arts
to become competent craftsmen.
By Nick Engler.

Copyright © 2009 Bookworks, Inc.